BASIC Concept of ISLAM, Anantnag. The first university in the world was established at the Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo in 970. Key Figures: There are some key figures in Islam that are pivotal to its existence without the knowledge or recognition of which one cannot understand Islam let alone joining it. Islamic Concept of Riba 4. Many basic surgical instruments used today were first developed by Muslim doctors. ... Islamic Concept of Knowledge By: Professor Maqsood Jafri . ‘Scientific method’ evolved out of the work of such scientists as Jabir ibn Hayan, who laid the foundations of chemistry in the late eighth century, and ibn al-Haytham, who established optics as an experimental science in the tenth century. Facts and realities mentioned in holy Quran have been verified by science … The initial drive for scientific knowledge was based on religious requirements. The Indian scholar, Sayyid Ahmad Khan, sought a theology of nature through which one could re-interpret the basic principles of Islam in the light of modern science. So science and Islam are, and should be, natural bed fellows. “The foundations of the social system of Islam, rest on the belief that we are all equal and constitute one single fraternity.” An Islamic society is the society whose members have “Iman” (faith) in Islam, apply its laws in their life and performing religious duties and abstaining from doing what is unlawful. In 661, after the murder of 'Ali, the Umayyads gained control of Islam for the next several hundred years. Islam and science. This sounds odd. The Islamic legal system organizes people’s lives in all dimensions, individual or social. The relationship between the Quran and science is a priori a surprise, especially when it turns out to be one of harmony and not of discord. ‘Acquire the knowledge of all things’, the Quran advises its readers; and pray: ‘God increase me in my knowledge’. Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2. The revival of Islam and the consequent emergence of a modern Islamic culture require a serious infusion of the scientific spirit in Muslim societies. Apart from the notable exception of Abdus Salam, the Pakistani Noble Laureate, Muslim societies have hardly produced scientists of international repute. One basic element in the value system of Islam is the principle of equality or, better yet, equity. So they banded together and closed ‘the gates of ijtihad‘; the way forward, they suggested, was taqlid, or imitation of the thought and work of earlier generations of scholars. In Arabic Islam means submission. The need for determining accurate time for daily prayers and the direction of Mecca from anywhere in the Muslim world, establishing the correct date for the start of the fasting month of Ramadan and the demands of the lunar Islamic calendar (which required seeing the new moon clearly) led to intense interest in celestial mechanics, optical and atmospheric physics, and spherical trigonometry. Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics 3. Even Islam itself, seen as ‘anti-progressive’ and ‘anti-science’, has been blamed. He is the Lord of the universe which He alone sustains.” 1. Just as the spirit of Islam in history was defined by its scientific enterprise, so the future of Muslim societies is dependent on their relationship with science and learning. The Quran and Modern Science Introduction. Science and Islam are intimately linked. A great informative and educational site about Islam, Allah, Muhammad,Quran and Muslim,an Islamic perspective of Scientific issues and information about Muslim Scholarships, and many other Islam and Science related resources. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. He valued science over extensive worship and declared: ‘An hour’s study of nature is better than a year’s prayer’. The religious scholars, a dominant class in Muslim society, feared that continuous and perpetual ijtihad would undermine their power. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Islam and Science – Introduction. As an initial step, Muslims need to realise that there are no quick fixes in science. We normally think of religion as inimically hostile to science. In Islam, there is no conflict between faith in God and modern scientific knowledge. 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